Herpes simplex is possibly one of the most common human infecting viruses. With worldwide infection rates of HSV-1 and HSV-2 viruses estimated at between 65% and 90% of the global population it has reached epidemic proportions. Maybe the main reason why Herpes isn’t getting the attention it deserves is the fact that many people who are infected are described as asymptomatic or basically individuals who show no symptoms. However these people are still infections and can transmit the HSV-1/ HSV-2 virus to new hosts which may or may not develop symptoms. Herpes is considered contagious and it can be sexually transmitted, including contact with saliva or via contact with an infected area of the skin during re-activations of the virus.
The HSV-1 virus contains double-stranded DNA that is 400 times longer than the radius of the virus itself. This creates enormous pressure which is the way the HSV-1 infects the cell nucleus after entering the cell itself. For years scientists hypothesized that a high internal pressure inside viruses like HSV-1 enabled them to shoot DNA into the host cell’s nucleus. However it was impossible to measure HSV-1’s internal pressure until the recent experiment by Evilevitch and his team.