Chemistry

Toward Greener Chemistry

Toward Greener Chemistry

A team of researchers from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology has recently announced a new, safer method to handle phosphorus – a chemical element which is a critical ingredient in fertilizers, pesticides, detergents, and other industrial and household chemicals. Their ...

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Harder than Diamond

Harder than Diamond

Researchers from Shanghai Jiao Tong University and the University of Nevada, Las Vegas have calculated that compressed lonsdaleite (also called a hexagonal diamond) is 58% harder than a diamond. Traditionally, lonsdaleite has been rated between 7 and 8 on the ...

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Hydrogen Produced from Aluminum and Water

Hydrogen Produced from Aluminum and Water

Scientists at Pennsylvania State University and Virginia Commonwealth University are producing hydrogen by exposing clusters of aluminum atoms to water. Rather than relying on the electronic properties of the aluminum, this new process depends on the geometric distribution of atoms ...

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Titanium-Based Metallic-Glass

Titanium-Based Metallic-Glass

Scientists from the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) have developed new kind of alloys – lighter and less expensive than any the group had previously created. The novel range of structural metallic-glass composites is based in titanium and according to ...

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Self-Assembling Optics

Self-Assembling Optics

A group of researchers led by Peidong Yang, a professor of chemistry at the University of California, Berkeley, have recently created nanoscale particles that can self-assemble into various optical devices. These include photonic crystals, metamaterials, color changing paints, components for ...

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Morphing Shape Alloy

Morphing Shape Alloy

Researchers from the Northwestern University’s McCormick School of Engineering and Applied Science, teamed up with Boise State University Professor Peter Mullner to create a foam from a nickel-manganese-gallium alloy (Ni-Mn-Ga). This special foam changes shape when exposed to a magnetic ...

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2007 Nobel Prize in Chemistry

2007 Nobel Prize in Chemistry

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences is awarding the 2007 Nobel Prize in Chemistry to Gerhard Ertl, a researcher at the Fritz-Haber Institute of the Max-Planck Society in Berlin. Ertl will receive the prize for his studies of chemical processes ...

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