2006 Nobel Prize in Chemistry

2006 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
The 2006 Nobel Prize in Chemistry – is being awarded by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to Roger D. Kornberg from Stanford University for his: “studies of the molecular basis of eukaryotic transcription”.

Roger Kornberg has been selected for his detailed crystallographic pictures at the molecular level of the transcription apparatus, which essentially transmits the message encoded in DNA to so-called messenger RNA, in full action in the cell of a eukaryote (an organism whose cells have a well-defined nucleus, including organisms from yeast to humans). His images (all of which were created since 2000) depict the nascent RNA-strand gradually developing and reveal the role of several other molecules necessary for the transcription process. The pictures are so detailed that separate atoms can be distinguished and this makes it possible to understand the mechanisms of transcription and how it is regulated.

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About the author

Iddo Genuth

Iddo has a B.A. in Philosophy and Cognitive Science and an M.A. in Philosophy of Science from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. He is currently writing his Ph.D. thesis on the relationship between the scientific community and industry. Iddo was awarded the 2006 Bar Hillel philosophy of science prize for his work on the relationship between science and technology. He is a member of the board of the lifeboat foundation and was the editor of several high-profile science and technology websites since 1999.

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