German scientists developed one of the most efficient lithium-ion batteries which can retain 85% of their capacity for more than 27 years after being used daily. This super battery also displays a high power density which should translate into a fast charging time for electric cars and a superior acceleration capabilities.
Scientists from the Center for Solar Energy and Hydrogen Research Baden-Wurttemburg (ZSW) in German developed a highly advanced type of lithium-ion batteries that retain as much as 85% of their original capacity even after being used every day for 27.4 years. This present a huge leap in battery technology and can have a dramatic effect on the electric car industry as it means that a car’s battery pack should probably not need to be replaced through the entire lifespan of the car (given the price of an electric car battery pack this is great news for both car manufacturers and potential costumes).
According to the research team, the batteries already shown incredible stability lasting more than 10,000 full cycles of recharge-discharge. In terms of power density the new cells have a power density of 1,100 W/kg. This number is especially important for electric cars since it means that cars using the new battery technology will have shorter charging times (currently fully charging an electric car’s battery can take many hours – depending of the car and the exact charging system – much more than any gas powered car).
The new lithium-ion batteries are currently produced semi-automatically as small sample series but the developers claim the technology they developed can be used as the basis for manufacturing commercial quantity large size pouch cells and large size prismatic cells for use in electric vehicles and as solar power storage systems in the future.
More information can be found on the ZSW website and on the following ZSW document (PDF).
Iddo has a B.A. in Philosophy and Cognitive Science and an M.A. in Philosophy of Science from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. He is currently writing his Ph.D. thesis on the relationship between the scientific community and industry. Iddo was awarded the 2006 Bar Hillel philosophy of science prize for his work on the relationship between science and technology. He is a member of the board of the lifeboat foundation and was the editor of several high-profile science and technology websites since 1999.